Premenstrual Syndrome Or PMS

Do you often experience emotional problems during menstruation so that you feel comfortable in all day? Or have you ever been a victim of angry women on the day before menstruation? If yes, you need to know more about Premenstrual Syndrome experienced by women before you assume that she is a woman who should be shunned.

This article is the right article for you who find it difficult to communicate with women with PMS, or for those who want to know more about the monthly cycle. Another name for Premenstrual Syndrome Premenstrual Tension is, a collection of physical symptoms, psychological, and emotions associated with the menstrual cycle in women. Approximately 80 to 95 percent of women of childbearing age have premenstrual symptoms that can be interfere with some aspect of their lives.

Symptoms usually occur regularly two weeks before menstruation. It can disappear immediately after menstruation, but it can also continue until menstruation ends. In about 14 percent of women aged 20 to 35 years, premenstrual syndrome can be has a huge influence, thus requiring them to take a break from school or office.

Health problems caused by STDs may dizziness, depression, feeling over-sensitive that lasted about two weeks before menstruation and is usually regarded as a natural thing for women in childbearing age. According to one study, approximately 40% of women aged between 14-50 years, experiencing premenstrual syndrome or PMS.  Even in the U.S. survey in 1982 showed that 50% of the women who come to the gynecology clinic suffer from PMS. On average they are of middle socioeconomic.

PMS is a collection of symptoms caused by hormonal changes associated with ovulation cycle (release of eggs from ovary) and menstruation. This syndrome will disappear when menstruation begins until a few days after menstruation. The causes of this syndrome is unclear. Some theories suggest that PMS is caused by hormonal factors, namely an imbalance between estrogen  and progesterone.

Another theory says that this is due to excessive levels of estrogen. The researchers reported, one possibility being investigated is the existence of genetic differences in sensitivity receptor and messenger systems which deliver sex hormones in the cells. Another possibility, is an association with the feelings disorder, psychological factors, social problems, or serotonin function experienced by patients.

The syndrome is usually more apt to occur in women who are sensitive to hormonal changes during menstrual cycle. However, there are several factors that increase the risk of PMS, namely:

• Women who have previously given birth.

PMS symptoms will be more severe in women who have given birth to some children, especially if they experienced a pregnancy with complications.

• Marital status.

Married women more likely to experience PMS than women who are not married.

• Age.

PMS will more frequent with age, especially in women aged between 30-45 years.

• Stress.

Stress factors can aggravate PMS disorders.

• Diet.

Eating habits such as high consumption of sugar, salt, coffee, tea, chocolate, soft drinks, dairy products, processed foods, aggravate the symptoms of PMS.

• Lack of nutrients such as vitamin B (especially B6), vitamin E, vitamin C, magnesium, iron, zinc, manganese, linoleic fatty acid.

• Smoking and drinking alcohol can also aggravate the symptoms of PMS.

• Physical activity.

Lack of exercise and physical activity may cause more severe symptoms of PMS.Prevention of PMS (premenstrual syndrome).

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Prevention of PMS (premenstrual syndrome) can be done through proper diet by considering the following matters:

  • Limit consumption of foods high in sugar, high salt, red meat (beef and lamb), alcohol, coffee, tea, chocolate and soft drinks.
  • Reduce smoking or quit smoking.
  • Limit your intake of protein (preferably about 1.5 grams / kilograms body weight).
  • Increase consumption of fish, chicken, nuts, and seeds as sources of protein.
  • Limit consumption of processed foods and dairy products (cheese, ice cream, etc.) and use soy as a replacement.
  •  Limit the consumption animal fat and fat from fried foods.
  •  Increase consumption of foods containing essential linoleic fatty acids like sunflower oil, vegetable oil.
  •  Take vitamin B complex, especially vitamin B6, vitamin E, calcium, magnesium also omega-6 (gamma linolenic acid GLA).

In addition to diet, you should also consider the following things to prevent PMS:

  • Exercise and physical activity on a regular basis.
  • Avoiding and dealing with stress.
  • Maintaining body weight. Excess weight increases the risk of suffering from PMS.
  • Record the schedule of your menstrual cycle and recognize the symptoms of PMS.
  •  Also note whether you are able to cope with PMS on your next menstrual period.